John Bruna, the spiritual director of the Way of Compassion Dharma Center, continues to offer guidance and clarity on the “Four Noble Truths” text by His Holiness the Dalai Lama. In this session, John discusses the root causes of suffering and focuses in on Karma and Kleshas. Kleshas are mental afflictions that take our minds out of balance. John talks about the 3 root kleshas, 6 derivative mental afflictions, and 20 expanded mental afflictions. He highlights the challenges we create for ourselves by engaging in the klesha of concealment. John finishes by talking about how our purification of karma needs to move to wisdom and away from shame.